Onion is one of the mandatory crops for planting in the garden. Its shoots improve the taste of dishes, they contain vitamins and minerals. Among the frost-resistant and tasty varieties stands out onion-batun Aprelsky. It is planted in the suburban areas, at home perform distillation on the feather.
The onion batun is a member of the onion family. The plant is imported from Asian countries, it is found in nature in China and Mongolia.
The above-ground part of the culture resembles a common onion. Shoots are long, densely arranged. Their taste is more refined and softer than that of the bulb varieties. Batun does not have a large onion. Eat green feathers.
The April Bat Onion is an early maturing variety with high nutritional value. The culture is grown on a feather for fresh consumption. The plant produces green broad feathers, reaching 1 m. The shoots are juicy, tender, do not grow coarse for a long time, with an acrid flavor. The inflorescences are spherical, composed of many small flowers.
The period from the time of planting to the first cut is 100 days. The April variety has a great taste, used to make salads, first and second courses.
Plant mass 200-300 g. Yield from 1 square. m landings - 2 kg. The collection of feathers begins in early spring and ends in late autumn. During the season shoots are cut 3-4 times.
Advantages of the April variety:
- harvest after melting snow;
- high content of vitamins and ascorbic acid;
- large and high-quality harvest;
- low susceptibility to disease;
- resistance to frost;
- landing during the spring, summer or winter.
Bat onions are grown as an annual or perennial crop. Every year the culture grows and takes up more free space.
3-4 years after disembarkation, the bow loses its beneficial properties. The plant produces a large number of arrows, which adversely affects the appearance and yield.
Growing in the garden
Onion-batun April is grown from seed. Pre-prepare the soil and planting material. Planting is taken care of by irrigation, soil loosening, fertilization.
Soil and Seed Preparation
Best of all, the onion-batun grows on fertile sandy, black-earth or loamy soils. On peat and sandy soil the plant is prone to the formation of a large number of arrows.
Culture does not tolerate the stagnation of moisture, provoking rotting bulbs. Therefore, April April onions are planted on drained soils that allow moisture and air to pass well.
Onions are predecessors for potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, peas, beans. After these plants, the soil contains less weeds. After garlic, cucumbers and carrots do not perform the landing.
Place for planting culture change annually. The site should be fully illuminated by the sun, light partial shade is permissible. The cultivation of the onion-batun April is acceptable on wet places where there is no stagnation of water.Important! In the fall, dig up the soil, add 8 kg of compost and 250 g of wood ash per 1 square meter. m. Culture does not tolerate soils with high acidity, so to reduce it you need to use lime.
In the spring, the soil is loosened to a depth of 10 cm and fertilized with minerals. On 1 square. m landings take 20 g of urea, 30 g of potassium sulphide and 50 g of superphosphate. Components are embedded in the soil.
Pre-treatment of seeds of the April variety helps to accelerate the emergence of onion shoots. Before planting, the material is left for a day in warm water, which is changed every 6 hours. Additionally, the seeds are placed for an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
One more way to stimulate the germination of April variety seeds is bubbling. Seed material is kept in warm water with simultaneous air supply. The procedure accelerates the emergence of shoots for a week and increases the yield of onions.
April variety planted in any period from late April to mid-August. When autumn planting in late October, the harvest is obtained after the snow melted.
The procedure for planting onion-batun April:
- The beds are made on the bed, 20 cm is left between them. The number of rows depends on the width of the bed. The most convenient way to care for plants planted in 3 rows.
- Seeds are placed at a depth of 1-2 cm, maintaining a gap of 5 cm. Seed consumption when growing a perennial crop - 2 kg per 1 square. m. Annual onions are planted more frequently and spend 3 g per 1 square. m
- Planting material is covered with earth and watered abundantly.
If there is a risk of spring frosts, then the planted onions are covered with agrofibre (spunbond, lutrasil). Shelter is especially important at night. Due to modern covering materials, it is possible to increase the temperature for planting by 5 ° С. Emerged shoots thinned, leaving a gap of 5-10 cm
For the cultivation of the onion-batun Aprelsky in order to obtain an early harvest, planting is carried out in the fall. For the underwintering of onions, the April plot is prepared in summer. When cooling, when the temperature drops to +3 ° C, the seeds are planted in rows, between which leave 20 cm. The soil is mulched with peat and covered with agrofiber. Spring thinned onions.
The April Bat Onion needs regular care. The beds are watered according to weather conditions. In a drought, water is introduced every other day. After watering, the soil should be saturated with moisture 20 cm deep. For irrigation use warm distilled water. The soil between the rows necessarily loosened.
One week after germination, the onions are watered with a solution of a mullein in a ratio of 1:15. In the future, it is enough to powder planting wood ashes.Important! When complying with agrotechnics, the April variety is rarely affected by diseases.
Landings attract onion fly, weevil, moth. Pests destroy aboveground parts of plants. At occurrence of insects, the onion-batun Aprelsky is sprayed with Fufanon or Karbofos. After processing, wait a few days, and only then use onions for food.
Growing at home
April varieties of onions are successfully grown at home. Onion on the balcony grows from April to October, on the windowsill - throughout the year. Before planting, soil is prepared and seeds are treated. Landings provide the necessary conditions: humidity, lighting, temperature.
Soil and Seed Preparation
When planting onion-batun Aprelsky in room conditions, they prepare fertile neutral soil. Pre-steamed in a water bath or watered with a hot solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
Ground options for planting onion varieties April:
- vermicompost and coconut fiber;
- compost, peat and humus.
It is best to use fresh planting material collected 1-2 years ago. Before planting, April onion seeds are soaked for 12 hours in warm water. For disinfection within an hour, the seeds are kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
After preparing the seeds and soil, they start planting the April variety:
- A drainage layer in the form of pebbles, broken brick or expanded clay pieces is poured into the containers.
- Substrate is laid on top.
- On the surface of the ground make furrows 2 cm deep.
- Seeds are placed in furrows, covered with soil and well watered.
- Planting covered with a film to obtain the greenhouse effect.
- At emergence of shoots in 1-2 weeks capacities are rearranged to the lit place.
If the onion batun is already growing in the country, then it can be dug up in the fall and grow at home on a windowsill. Then in winter they get fresh onion feathers.
At the site choose plants aged 2-3 years. They are dug together with an earthy lump and transplanted into containers filled with nutritious soil. First, the onion batun store at zero temperature for 1-2 months. A dormant period is required for plants to get a good harvest of feathers.
The April variety is kept at home at a temperature of +18 to +20 ° C and a humidity of 80%. Greens are harvested after 3 weeks.
The high yield of the onion batun of the April variety is obtained when grown in southern, western and eastern windows. Landings provide a certain microclimate.
Shoots kept 10 days in a cool place and partial shade to strengthen the root system of onions. The place should be removed from the heaters and windows. During the month, the April onion variety grows slowly, but in the future fresh greens can be produced throughout the year.
Care for the April variety of onions includes:
- continuous illumination for 10 hours;
- moderate watering;
- airing the room;
- lack of drafts;
- constant feeding.
If necessary, install additional lighting. At a distance of 30 cm from the plants fitolampy secure. They are included in the morning or in the evening in order to get the necessary lighting.
Landings are regularly watered with warm settled water. Excessive soil moisture is detrimental to onions. Water is applied when the soil begins to dry out.
Periodically, seedlings are fed with a solution consisting of 3 g of superphosphate and potassium salt per 1 liter of water. Means is brought in soil by watering. Between dressings observe a gap of 2-3 weeks.
Gardeners reviewsEvgenia, 39 years old, Kemerovo. A few years ago she tried to dilute a batun onion from seeds, but she did not wait for germination. Last year, chose according to reviews bow batun April. The seeds were planted before winter, in spring a lot of shoots appeared. The variety is resistant to Siberian frosts, it grows in one place for several years. Feathers juicy and fragrant, long stored in the refrigerator.
Vasily, 53 years old, near Moscow A batun onion is regularly planted to get fresh feathers to the table. The April variety is one of the best, demonstrates excellent germination and gives an early harvest. Seeds are inexpensive, in a package of 1 g. I plant seeds in the spring, they sprout quickly and together. The April variety is a source of vitamins that are lacking in the spring.Olga, 27 years old, Chelyabinsk I regularly grow different varieties of onions on the windowsill. Last year, I chose the April Bat Onion in the opinion of a neighbor. I planted seeds in the autumn, and by the New Year I already tried some feathers. The taste of the onion is wonderful, I add it to salads, soups and vegetable side dishes. I am going to grow a variety regularly, fresh greens are always useful.
Grade April is valued for frost resistance, great taste and high yield. Variety adapted to any climatic conditions. The culture is grown as a perennial, then the plants are replaced every 3-4 years.
To care for the onions enough to water the planting, loosen the soil and make feeding. Distillation at home allows you to collect fresh greens in the autumn and winter. Plants provide good lighting, soil moisture, the supply of nutrients and access to fresh air.