Leek is valued for its savory taste, rich vitamin composition and simple care. The culture is frost resistant and tolerates the climatic conditions of Siberia. For planting choose varieties of onions, resistant to temperature fluctuations, diseases and pests.
Leek - herbaceous biennial, growing in height up to 1 m. After planting, the plant forms a root system and a false bulb during the year. On the stem are green leaves.
The following year, the onion produces flower stalks; in the fall, seed ripening occurs. A feature of leeks is resistance to cold and demanding to watering.Important! When growing leek in Siberia, a seedling method is recommended.
Eat onion and plant shoots. Onion tastes high, depending on the leek variety has an acrid or sweetish flavor. Culture contains vitamins, trace elements, protein. When stored in bulbs increases the concentration of vitamin C.
Leek is used fresh, it is added to snacks, salads, soups and main dishes. Culture is useful in the lack of vitamins, fatigue, impaired metabolic processes in the body, rheumatism, gout. Eating plants is limited in diseases of the kidneys, stomach, bladder.
For the cultivation of leeks in Siberia choose frost-resistant varieties that can tolerate temperature fluctuations. For early harvest, varieties ripen in late summer. The most fruitful is leek, ready for harvest in the middle or late period.
Early varieties of leeks ripen in August and September. Such varieties of onions are distinguished by narrow green leaves and small stalks.
The Goliath onion variety is grown only by seedlings. The plant is of medium height, the length of the white “legs” is up to 30 cm. The leek forms powerful bushes, it needs a constant supply of moisture. Harvest onions kept in a cool place for no more than 5-6 months.
A variety of medium early ripening. The period from the emergence of shoots to harvesting culture takes 140 days. Onion height 60-70 cm. Bleached part 15-30 cm long. Onion weight up to 200 g. The variety is valued for good taste and long-term storage for 4-5 months. Onion The trunk of an elephant is used fresh in cooking.
Leek Columbus is recommended for fresh use or canning. The variety is rich in vitamins. The leaves are tight, grow to 80 cm in length. The white part of the bulb reaches 15 cm and is formed without hilling. Plant mass up to 400 g. The variety needs constant watering, it reacts positively to the introduction of nitrogen.
Leeks, ripening in the middle time, has a lower yield compared with early varieties. These varieties are of high quality. When growing leeks in Siberia, varieties of medium ripening period are harvested in September.
Tall variety bred in Germany. Maturation occurs in 180 days. The plant forms a false stem with a height of up to 25 cm and a thickness of 3 cm. The Casimir variety is notable for its increased productivity. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. When storing onion stalks become more juicy.
Medium early leek Maturation occurs over a period of up to 150 days. Leaves are saturated green color, stems are long and powerful. The variety of Tango bow is valued for its high quality legs. The plant is resistant to cold snaps and brings high yields in adverse climates.
Fast-growing productive grade, differs in a long white stalks, up to 50 cm in height. Onions Camus grows in moist soils enriched with humus. When planting in sandy soil, the variety needs abundant watering. For a grade the increased resistance to diseases is characteristic.
Late varieties of leeks in Siberia ripen over a period of over 180 days. Such varieties are highly productive and long stored.
Late onions are determined by large leaves with a waxy coating located tightly on the stem. Onion stem bud is usually dense and short. Harvesting is possible before the onset of sub-zero temperatures.
Leek late ripening with increased resistance to frost. The plant is 90 cm high. False stem 25 cm long and 6 cm in diameter. Taste is piquant with a slight sharpness. Suitable for landing in the winter. Variety onion Karantansky positively responds to dressing.
A powerful leek reaching a height of 1.2 m. The leaves are large and flat, reaching 80 cm in length. The shoot is large, bleached, up to 8 cm in size. Onion variety The autumn giant requires good lighting and regular watering. Plants aligned, long stored, rich in vitamins.
Tall late-ripening variety. The leaves are wide, reach 80 cm in length. False stem reaches 5 cm in diameter. Leeks Alligator has a semi-sharp taste, demanding light and moisture. The variety has high productivity, long stored.
Growing in Siberia
Planting leeks in Siberia at home perform in late February or early March. Pre-prepared planting material and soil. After warming the plants are transferred to the beds in a greenhouse or under the open sky.
Seed and soil preparation
For planting onions, containers with a height of 10-15 cm are used. The plant has long roots, so it provides conditions for growth. The dishes are washed with hot water and further treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The soil for onions is prepared by combining garden soil and humus. It is steamed in a water bath for disinfection or kept at sub-zero temperatures on the balcony.Tip! Leek seeds are kept for 8 hours in a thermos filled with warm water. For disinfection, planting material is lowered into the solution of Fitosporin.
The soil is placed in containers and moistened. Onion seeds are planted in 3 mm increments, leaving 8 mm between rows. To accelerate seed germination, cover the planting with polyethylene. Shoots will appear in 10-14 days.
At emergence of shoots leek put on the lit place. The root system is protected from hypothermia. To do this, put the tank on the foam base.
The development of leek seedlings provides a certain care:
- regular airing of the room;
- maintaining the soil in a moist state;
- day temperature 18-20 ° C;
- night temperature is 12-15 ° С.
For watering onions using warm distilled water. The most convenient way is to use a spray bottle and spray moisture over the ground surface. If the onion has risen thickly, it is weeded.
The grown seedlings are fed with a solution consisting of 2 g of urea, 2 g of potassium sulphide and 4 g of superphosphate per 1 l of water. The solution is watered onion seedlings at the root.
3 weeks before transfer to the open area, leeks are hardened in the open air. First, the window opens for 2 hours in the room, then the landing is transferred to the balcony. Hardening allows the plants to better move the transplant and adapt to natural conditions.
Landing in the ground
Place for planting cultures start cooking in the fall. Plot pick solar and protected from the wind. Leek prefers loamy soil, fertilized with organic matter.
Onions are grown after legumes, herbs, cabbage, tomatoes and potatoes. In the autumn, they dig up the plot, add humus or compost. Leek planted in late May or early June, when the age of seedlings will be 50-60 days. It is necessary to wait for the soil and air to warm up.
In the spring, soil is loosened and furrows are made 15 cm deep and in 30-cm increments. Wood ash is poured at the bottom of each furrow.
- The soil with seedlings plentifully watered.
- Plants reach from the tanks, the root system is shortened to 4 cm.
- The bulbs are placed in the furrows with a pitch of 20 cm.
- The roots of the plants are covered with earth and watered abundantly.
If the probability of return frosts remains, the plants are covered with agrofiber overnight. In the morning covering material is removed.
Growing and caring for a leek in Siberia includes watering, weeding, and loosening the soil. For high yield, the crop is fed with organic matter and complex fertilizers.
Leeks abundantly watered, preventing the drying of the soil. Moisture should not accumulate in the soil and cause root rot.
For irrigation of culture using warm water, settled in barrels. Drops of water should not remain on the shoots of onions.
After watering the onions, the soil is weeded and loosened for better penetration of moisture and oxygen. Leek necessarily spud to obtain a white stalk. The soil is mulched with humus to reduce the intensity of irrigation.
When growing leek in Siberia, plantings are fed with minerals and organic matter. The first treatment is carried out a week after transfer to the ground, further - every 2 weeks.
Leek feeding options:
- 5 g of urea and 3 g of potassium sulfate per 5 liters of water;
- slurry diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10;
- solution of bird droppings 1:15.
The use of mineral substances alternate with organic fertilizers. Universal onion feeding is wood ash. It is brought into the ground when hilling in the amount of 1 cup per 1 square. m beds.
Protection against diseases and pests
If you follow the rules of cultivation and care of leeks in Siberia, rarely exposed to disease. When excess moisture develops rust, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases.
To protect the landings from the spread of the fungus, spray the solution of Fitosporin. When signs of damage appear, copper oxychloride is used. All onion treatments are completed 3 weeks before harvest.
Leek attracts onion flies, weevil and other pests. Insects scare off odors. Planting is treated with ground black pepper or tobacco dust. Celery and herbs are planted between the rows with onions.
Cleaning and storage
Onions are removed until the temperature drops to -5 ° C. The bulbs are dug in dry weather and cleaned from the ground. Green shoots are not pruned, otherwise the bulb dries.
Leek is conveniently stored in boxes filled with sand. Plants are placed vertically. Capacities are left in the cellar, basement or other cool room. Depending on the variety, the shelf life of onions is 4-6 months.
In Siberia, leeks are grown seedling method. First, at home prepare the soil and planting material. Seedlings kept in a warm, lighted place. When the onion grows up, it is transferred to the open areas. Leek responds positively to regular watering, soil loosening and top dressing. Crop harvested before the onset of frost.