In the world of flowers there are commercially beneficial varieties that are in demand always and everywhere and are in consistently high demand from gardeners and landscape designers. This flower is alissum - a ground-cover plant with a very abundant flowering and unpretentious nature. Shades of an alissum can be very diverse, its bushes are compact and able to grow rapidly, covering a large area of land, another advantage of this plant is the honey aroma that envelops the bushes. In the cultivation of alissum is nothing complicated, because the plant perfectly adapts to almost any climate.
How to grow an alissum from seed, when to plant its seedlings in the ground and other ways of planting will be discussed in this article.
In nature, the plant called alissum grows in Asia, northern Africa and in Europe. The flower belongs to the Cruciferous (or Cabbage) family and has about one hundred varieties.Important! In the people Alissums are often called Burachkas or marine lobularia.
Characteristics of lobularia:
- plant undersized groundcover type;
- alissums only grow from 8 to 40 cm in height;
- The shoots are strongly branching, semi-woody at the base;
- leaves are small, obovate, slightly pubescent;
- inflorescences are small, collected in the brush;
- colors can be any color (white, yellow, pink, red, lilac or violet);
- Alissum begins to bloom in late May, and ends in late autumn;
- the fruit is a pod with seeds, the germination of which lasts for three years;
- the plant belongs to honey plants, therefore it attracts bees and other insects well;
- in nature, lobularia is a perennial, in the home, this plant can be grown as an annual or as a perennial crop;
- flower tolerates low temperatures (up to -1 degrees);
- Some varieties of alissum can winter in a flower bed, even without shelter, while the flowers retain their greenery all year round.
Tip! Alyssums are planted in flower beds, curbs and bedding, they look great in pots and drawers. Popular among the people is the practice of sowing lobularia on flowerbeds with bulb flowers to fill empty space.
In the flower beds of the country can be found as the original varieties of alissum (growing in nature), and those that were bred by breeders. Also, plants with perennial and one-year life cycle are cultivated on equal terms. To understand the varieties will help photos of flowers and their brief description:
- The Snow Carpet is an annual variety of ground cover alissum, reaching a height of 8 cm. The bushes are sprawling, compact, covered with a large number of green leaves and snow-white small flowers.
- Aphrodite is also a one-year undersized loburia that grows up to ten centimeters in height. The color of the flowers may be red, purple or pink.
- Golden Wave is a plant with a long life cycle. It is a compact bushes up to 20 cm high, covered with silver leaves, which are covered with small fluff. This variety blooms in bright yellow color. Blooms in the second year after planting.
- Violet Queen is an annual. The leaves of this alissum are long, silvery-green. The inflorescences on the edge are painted in a rich purple hue, inside - lighter or white.
- Paletta is another stunted annual, propagated by seeds. It grows up to 15 cm, has inflorescences of various shades (yellow, cream, lilac, pink, brown).
Growing alissum from seeds is possible in several ways: seedling, sowing in the ground, planting before winter. With each of the methods, you must first determine when to sow the seeds. It is equally important to choose a suitable site, because the flower, though unpretentious in the care, but makes its own demands on the composition of the soil and the place of planting.
Choosing a place
In principle, lobularia is able to grow on a wide variety of soils and in virtually any climatic conditions. But the florist must understand that the flowering of the bushes will be more abundant and lush if you plant the flower in the right place.
Alyssums prefer sunny areas of the garden, illuminated by warm rays most of the daylight hours. The penumbra is also suitable for this plant, but one of the color cushions of lobularia may turn out to be more friable than the others.
Flowers tolerate low temperatures, so they are not afraid of lowlands and areas with drafts, strong wind. Not too scary for alissum and dry air, it can be planted next to the stones on a hill.Important! In any case, the plot with lobularia should be well ventilated - this plant does not like stagnant air.
The soil under the alissum must also meet some criteria:
- be easy;
- moderately nutritious;
- pass air and water well (have drainage);
- have a neutral acidity.
If the florist chose one of the Pyrenean alissum varieties for planting in his own garden, he needs to take care of a large amount of calcium in the soil - only in this way will the plant bloom profusely.
Sowing on seedlings
Seedlings breeding method of lobula is considered the most reliable. It is with the help of the seedlings that it is more convenient to form a flower bed, distribute the bushes throughout the area, fill spaces with other flowers between the flowers.
First of all, it is necessary to decide on when to plant an alissum on seedlings. If we consider that from the moment of germination of seeds to the beginning of flowering lobularia passes from six to eight weeks, and the alissum should cover a flower bed with a dense carpet in June, then the best time for sowing seeds will be the end of March.
Tip! For seedlings, alissum seeds are recommended to be sown in the last decade of March or in the first half of April.
The plant is not afraid of cold, so planting seedlings at a permanent place is possible in early May. So lobularia will have enough time to grow and cover the ground with a fluffy rug.
The rules for growing alissum seedlings are as follows:
- Choose a shallow container with drainage holes (plastic food containers with transparent lids are perfect).
- The seedling substrate should be light, nutritious and neutral (ideally slightly alkaline). The soil should be very loose, so that the roots of the seedlings are well ventilated, and moisture does not stagnate around them.
- Seeds of alissum are very small. They need to be distributed with great care, as evenly as possible, over moist soil. After that, just enough to press the seeds to the ground. It is better not to sprinkle them with soil, as for good germination seeds need a bright light.
- Sowing in early spring will require additional illumination of seedlings of alissum with fluorescent lamps.
- Immediately after planting, the container is covered with a transparent lid or film and cleaned in a warm place. After 4-5 days, the seeds should roll, and after a week there will be friendly shoots with the first cotyledon leaves. At this time, the shelter is removed.
- Water the seedlings should be moderate, in the phase of this pair of leaves, the alissum is fed with a mineral complex. When the seedlings will have 3-4 true leaves, the flowers swoop in separate pots or cups.
Alissum is transferred to the ground in May, when the temperature returns to normal and the soil warms up well. Seedlings are transferred along with an earthy ball into prepared holes. The distance between the bushes depends on the type of flowers, and is usually 20-35 cm.
Landing in the summer
Planting seedlings is not the only way to grow flowers. It is quite possible to plant an alissum directly into the ground, only such plants will bloom a month and a half later - around the middle of July.
Loburiya seeds can be sown from mid-April to the first of May. The site should be well lit, the soil - heated. Pre-soil in the flower bed is loosened, if necessary, mineral fertilizers are added and liming is carried out.
Seeds are laid out in small holes with a depth of no more than one and a half centimeters. Top the seeds to sprinkle with dry earth and carefully pour planting. When the seedlings appear, they need to be thinned, removing weaker sprouts and evenly distributing the flowers in the flowerbed.Attention! If you do not thin out the alissum, it can easily get a fungal infection - the plant must be well ventilated.
Now the flower garden only needs to be watered occasionally, to loosen the soil and monitor the condition of lobularia.
Sowing in the winter
Lobularia seeds tolerate low temperatures well, so this flower can be sown well before winter. Usually, sowing of alissum is carried out in November, when cold weather is stable (so that the seeds do not begin to germinate).
The process of planting is no different from the summer. During the winter, the seeds have time to harden, stratified in natural conditions, so in spring they give strong healthy shoots.
Important! If spring shoots appear too early, you need to cover the alissum with a film so that the flowers do not freeze out.
Lobularia is vigorous, which reproduces well by self-seeding. In order for the podzimny sowing to give good shoots, you only need loose soil, moderate watering and sunlight.
Alyssum refers to those plants that can grow without help. But to bloom was lush, and the rug - homogeneous, you need to care for the flower garden. Care of lobularia is as follows:
- Moderate watering as needed. You need to water the flowers when the soil is dry at a depth of three centimeters. Especially the plant needs moisture during the flowering period. But an excess of water harms lobularia - bushes can rot and deteriorate.
- Perennial varieties of alissum are fed only once a year - in the spring. Flowers with an annual cycle need to feed four times per season, using a mineral complex with an emphasis on potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.
- Lobularia is recommended to cut by 3-5 cm and completely cut the stretched dry inflorescences - this stimulates the formation of new flowers. Perennial bushes are pruned to a third of the height immediately after flowering, to stimulate the budding flower buds for the next season.
- Alissum pests are the same as ordinary cabbage, because they belong to the same genus. You can fight insects and diseases with folk remedies, such as Bordeaux mixture, or use chemicals.
Tip! Seeds of alissum are extracted from otvvevshy buds. To do this, dry buds fray in hands over a clean sheet of paper. Do it better in the fall.
Alyssum has proven itself as an unpretentious and very resistant plant. Thick carpet with delicate flowers looks good on any flower beds, pots or pots. Often, lobularia is used in tandem with primroses: when tulips and crocuses "come to the scene," an alissum leaves, decorating a flower garden until late autumn.
To grow lobularia from seeds is not difficult: you can sow seeds for seedlings or directly into the ground.