Eggplant Khalif - unpretentious variety, resistant to temperature fluctuations. The variety is distinguished by the fruits of elongated shape and good taste without bitterness. Suitable for growing under cover and in open areas.
Characteristics of a variety
Description of Eggplant grade Caliph:
- average terms of ripening;
- 115–120 days pass from the emergence of shoots to fruit picking
- half-bushy bush;
- plant height up to 0.7 m;
- lack of thorns.
Features of the fruits of the grade Caliph:
- elongated club-shaped;
- slightly curved fruit;
- length 20 cm;
- diameter 6 cm;
- dark purple color;
- glossy surface;
- weight 250 g;
- whitish flesh;
- no bitter taste.
Grade Khalif has universal application. Its fruits are used to prepare snacks and side dishes. In home canning, eggplants receive caviar, they are marinated with other vegetables, and they are prepared for winter platter.
Eggplant Khalifa removed 30 days after flowering. Over-grown fruits lose their taste. Vegetables are cut with a secateur. Eggplant shelf life is limited. In the refrigerator, the fruit is stored no more than a month.
Eggplant Caliph is grown through seedlings, which is produced at home. Seeds are planted in the prepared soil, and sprouts provide the necessary microclimate. In cool climates, plants are grown under cover.
Planting starts in March. Pre-seed eggplant Caliph processed. For 3 days planting material is kept in a solution of potassium humate. For disinfection, seeds are placed in a solution of the drug Fitosporin.
The soil for eggplant seedlings prepared in the fall. It is produced by combining peat, compost and garden soil in a ratio of 6: 2: 1. You can use the purchase of the substrate for vegetable crops, which contains the necessary components.Tip! Before planting, the soil is treated with steam in a water bath for disinfection.
Eggplant seed Caliph is grown in cassettes or cups. It is not recommended to plant the seeds in the boxes, because the plants are poorly tolerated pick.
Eggplant seeds are buried by 1 cm in a moistened soil. Planting covered with a film to obtain the greenhouse effect. Germination of eggplants occurs in 10-15 days. During this period, monitor the soil moisture and periodically overturn the film.
Conditions for seedlings
After germination, eggplants of the Caliph variety are transferred to a lighted area. Landings provide the necessary conditions:
- temperature regime during the day is 20-24 ° С;
- night temperature not lower than 16 ° С;
- moisture application;
- airing the room;
- lighting for 12-14 hours.
Eggplant seedlings watered with warm water. The need to introduce moisture is indicated by the drying of the top layer of the soil.
Plants require constant lighting. If the light day is not long enough, then the backlight is installed on the seedlings. Use better fluorescent or phytolamps. Lighting devices include morning or evening.
With the development of 1-2 leaves of the Eggplant Caliph, you need to transplant them into larger containers. When grown in cups or cassettes, you can do without picks. The safest method for plants is transshipment. Seedlings are planted in a larger container without breaking an earthen room.
2 weeks before disembarking, plants are exposed to the balcony. First, the plantings are kept in the open air for several hours, gradually increasing this period. Hardening will help the plants to adapt more quickly to a permanent place.
Landing in the ground
In the greenhouse or on the open garden bed eggplants are transferred at the age of 2-2.5 months. The plants have 7-10 leaves, and the height of the stem reaches 25 cm.
The soil for growing crops is prepared in the fall. Eggplants are best developed in sandy loam or loam. The site should be well lit by the sun and not subjected to wind load.
In the autumn, when digging the ground, humus is introduced. The properties of clay soil are improved with coarse sand.Important! Eggplants are planted after cucumbers, cabbage, onions, carrots, legumes and garlic.
If peppers, tomatoes or potatoes grew up on the garden a year earlier, then you should choose another place. Re-planting culture is possible only after 3 years.
In the spring, the soil in the beds is loosened with a rake and the landing holes are prepared. In each of them put a handful of wood ash and sprinkle a little earth. Between plants leave 30-40 cm.
After abundant watering, seedlings are placed in the planting hole. Plant roots are covered with earth, which is compacted a little.
According to reviews, Khalif eggplants bring high yields with regular care. Plants are watered, fed with organic matter or mineral solutions.
As the plants develop, they need support in the form of a wooden or metal plank. Tying is also necessary brush with fruits. 5-6 most powerful ovaries are left on the bushes, the rest are cut off.
Eggplant Caliph requires constant application of moisture. Its lack leads to fall of the ovaries and wilting of the leaves.
The intensity of irrigation is determined by the stage of plant development. Before flowering, eggplants are watered every 5-7 days. In a drought, moisture is introduced every 3-4 days. To preserve the moisture content of the soil, its surface is mulched with peat.
For watering plants take warm distilled water with a temperature of 25 ° C. It is poured strictly at the root, do not allow it to fall on the leaves and stalks of eggplant. To prevent water from washing out the soil, special spray nozzles are used.
After watering, the soil is loosened to prevent the formation of a crust. Loosening fills the soil with oxygen, and the roots of plants better absorb nutrients.
Regular feeding strengthens the immune system and increases the yield of eggplants Caliph. For dressing use solutions from mineral substances or organic. It is best to alternate such treatments with an interval of 2-3 weeks.
Before flowering, eggplants are fed with products containing nitrogen. A solution of mullein is poured at the root of the plant in the ratio of 1:15. Of the minerals used diammofosku in the amount of 20 g per 10 liters of water.Tip! During the flowering period, the plants are sprayed with a solution of boric acid to increase the number of ovaries.
After flowering, the Eggplants of the Caliph are watered with solutions based on potassium and phosphorus. A 10-liter bucket of water takes 30 g of potassium sulfate and superphosphate. Nitrogen should be discarded so that the strength of the plant does not go away to form shoots
Instead of mineral substances, wood ash is used. It is added to the water when watering or buried in the ground.
Diseases and pests
The variety Khalifa is resistant to verticillary and fusarium wilt. Diseases provokes the fungus that penetrates the plant tissue. As a result, leaves fade, the crop dies. Affected bushes can not be treated, they are destroyed. The remaining landings are treated with Fitosporin or Baktofit.
For the prevention of disease disinfect the planting material and garden tools. The greenhouse is regularly aired and monitored for soil moisture.
Carriers of disease often become insects. Eggplants are attacked by the Colorado potato beetle, spider mite, aphids, slugs. Dusting tobacco dust or wood ash helps protect plants from pests. Of the chemical drugs used Malathion or Kltan.
Vladimir, 51 years old, Vologda. I was interested in the Eggplant Khalif according to the description and reviews in the network. Seeds planted in March, in the middle of May moved the seedlings to open ground. Germination of the variety is good, the seedlings grow well and do not get sick. Ripening of vegetables occurs in average terms. I send a part of vegetables for sale. Yana, 37 years old, Saratov I was looking for a resistant and productive variety of eggplants. According to the description and reviews, the Eggplants of the Caliph fully met my requirements. Fruits are formed elongated, it is very convenient to use them for snacks. The variety tolerates drought well, but it is better to water the plants regularly. I feed my eggplants with slurry and wood ash. Larisa, 68 years old, Perm I have never grown eggplants before, because I considered them exclusively southern culture. However, she saw a neighbor with powerful bushes hung with fruits, and decided to try to grow these vegetables in her greenhouse. Chose from the reviews Eggplant Caliph as a fruitful and resistant variety. Seeds planted in February in the tape. The plants survived well, and in May transplanted them into a greenhouse. The variety brought a good harvest, almost all the fruits were spent on preparing snacks.
Eggplant Caliph prized for simplicity, yield and good taste. The culture is grown through seedlings. Seeds are planted and home. Care of the variety is watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil. When complying with agrotechnics, plants are not very susceptible to diseases.