Sphinx grapes obtained by the Ukrainian breeder V. V. Zagorulko. Bred by crossing the Strasensky variety with dark berries and white nutmeg variety Timur. The variety is characterized by earlier ripening and harmonious taste of berries. The grapes are resistant to diseases, not subject to spring cooling, but requires additional shelter for the winter.
Description of the variety and photo of Sphinx grapes:
- ultra early maturation;
- the period from swelling of the kidneys to harvest takes 100-105 days;
- vigorous plants;
- large dissected leaves;
- early and complete maturation of the vine;
- quite late flowering to avoid spring frosts;
- cylindrical clusters;
- average mass of bunches from 0.5 to 0.7 kg;
- frost resistance to -23 ° C.
Sphinx varieties have a number of features:
- dark blue color;
- large size (length about 30 mm);
- weight from 8 to 10 g;
- the shape is round or slightly elongated;
- pronounced aroma;
- sweet taste;
- dense juicy pulp.
Bunches of Sphinx grapes hang on the bushes for a long time without losing the commodity and taste. In cold and rainy summer, there is pea growing and the concentration of sugar in fruits decreases.
The maturation of the Sphinx variety depends on the region. Usually, the harvest is started in the beginning-middle of August. Berries are used fresh. Transportability is estimated at an average level.
Sphinx grapes planted on the prepared areas. Taste and crop yield depend on the right choice of a place for cultivation. For planting take healthy seedlings from proven manufacturers. Work carried out in the spring or autumn period. When planting in the soil make fertilizer.
Sphinx grapes are grown in well-lit areas. Under the culture choose a place from the south, west or south-west side. The allowable distance from fruit trees and shrubs is from 5 m. Trees not only create shade, but also take a significant part of nutrients.
When planting on the slopes of the grapes are located in the central part. For the cultivation of the Sphinx variety will not fit lowlands, where plants are susceptible to frost and moisture.Tip! Planting work carried out in the fall after leaf fall or in the spring after heating the soil.
Grapes prefer sandy loam soils or loam. The location of groundwater is at a depth of more than 2 m. The root system of the Sphinx variety is powerful enough to get moisture from the soil. In heavy soil make large river sand. Peat and humus will help to improve the composition of the sandy soil.
For planting choose annual saplings of the Sphinx variety with a developed root system. Poorly dried plants do not survive, with falling eyes.
Grapes are planted in planting pits. Preparation begin 3-4 weeks before planting. Be sure to prepare the fertilizer in the required amount.
The order of planting grapes Sphinx:
- A hole is dug at a selected site with a diameter of 0.8 m and a depth of 0.6 m.
- The drainage layer is thickened on the bottom. For him suitable clay, ground brick or crushed stone.
- In the pit vertically instilled in a pipe for watering plastic or metal. The diameter of the pipe is about 5 cm. Above the surface of the earth the pipe should protrude 20 cm.
- The pit is covered with earth, where 0.2 kg of potassium sulphate and 0.4 kg of superphosphate are delivered. An alternative to minerals is a compost (2 buckets) and wood ash (3 liters).
- When the land settles, a small hill of fertile soil is poured into the pit.
- Sphinx seedling pruned, leaving 3-4 buds. The root system is slightly shortened.
- The roots of the plant are covered with soil, which is slightly tamped.
- The grapes are watered with 5 liters of water.
According to reviews, Sphinx grapes quickly take root and form a powerful root system. After landing, the Sphinx variety is tended by watering. Within a month, moisture is introduced every week, later - with an interval of 14 days.
Sphinx grapes need constant watering, which includes fertilizing, pruning, protection from diseases and pests. In cold regions, bushes are sheltered for the winter.
Young plants at the age of not more than 3 years old need regular watering. They are watered through a drainage pipe according to a specific scheme:
- in early spring after lifting the shelter;
- when forming buds;
- after flowering.
Water consumption for each bush varieties Sphinx is 4 liters. Pre-moisture defended in barrels, where it should be warmed in the sun or in the greenhouse. Watering grapes combined with dressings. 200 g of wood ash are added to the water.
Mature grapes are not watered during the season. Moisture must be made in the fall before the shelter. Podzimny irrigation prevents the culture from freezing.
When using fertilizers for planting pits, plants are provided with useful substances for 3-4 years. In the future, Sphinx grapes are regularly fed with organic or mineral components.
For the first top dressing, which is carried out after removing shelter from grapes, nitrogen fertilizer is prepared. Organic matter used chicken manure or slurry. Grapes react positively to the introduction of 30 g of ammonium nitrate into the soil.
Before flowering, the treatment is repeated with the addition of 25 g of superphosphate or potassium sulfate. It is better to abandon the nitrogen components during the flowering and ripening of berries, so as not to provoke an excessive growth of green mass.Tip! When flowering, Sphinx grapes are sprayed with a solution of boric acid (3 g of substance per 3 liters of water). Processing contributes to the formation of ovaries.
When the ripening of berries begins, the grapes are fed with superphosphate (50 g) and potassium sulfate (20 g). Substances buried in the ground when loosening. In the autumn, after harvesting, wood ash is added to the soil.
Proper vine formation ensures a good crop yield. Sphinx varieties are cut in the fall to cover for the winter. On the shoot leave 4-6 eyes. With an increased load, the yield is reduced, the fruiting is delayed, the berries become smaller.
Sphinx bushes form a fan-shaped way, it suffices to leave 4 sleeves. The grade is not inclined to formation of stepson clusters.
In summer, the leaves are cut off above the clusters, so that the berries get more sunlight. In the spring, pruning is not carried out, because the vine produces "tears". As a result, the plant loses the crop or dies. After the snow disappears, only dry and frozen shoots are eliminated.
Protection against diseases and pests
Sphinx is characterized by high resistance to oidium and mildew. Diseases are of a fungal nature and are spread by non-compliance with agricultural practices, excessive moisture, and lack of care.
According to reviews, Sphinx grapes are not subject to gray rot. To protect the planting from disease, prophylactic treatments are carried out: in early spring, before flowering and after harvesting. Plantings are sprayed with Oxyh, Topaz or any other containing copper. The last treatment is carried out 3 weeks before the grapes are harvested.
The vineyard is affected by wasps, goldfish, mites, leafworms, thrips, phylloxera, weevil. To get rid of pests use special preparations: Karbofos, Aktellik, Fufanol.
Healthy plants are treated in late autumn with a solution of the drug Nitrafen. On 1 liter of water take 20 g of the substance. After spraying start preparing the culture for the winter.
Shelter for the winter
The frost resistance of the Sphinx variety is rather low, therefore it is recommended to cover plantings in winter. Grapes can withstand temperatures up to +5 ° C. When the more severe cooling starts, they start to shelter a bush.
The vine is removed from the supports and placed on the ground. Bushes pile up and fall asleep with mulch. On top of the set arc, which stretch the agrofibre. Be sure to ensure that the grapes are not thrown out.
Gardeners reviewsMaria, 36 years old, Krasnodar. A few years ago, she acquired Sphinx grapes by description, reviews and photos. Crop harvested for 4 years. Bushes vigorous, vine ripen well, resistant to disease and temperature fluctuations. Last year, after the frosts, other varieties have long departed, but the Sphinx brought a great harvest. Clusters ripen by August 10, at this time other dark varieties are just picking up color.
Semyon, 64 years old, Orenburg Four years ago I chose the Sphinx grape variety according to the photo and description. Since then, he has already harvested two crops and decided to leave the variety on the site. Every year the vine grows wood, improves the size and taste of berries. The taste is very pleasant, harmonious, not too sweet. Berries are kept for a long time on the bushes, do not crumble. Sphinx grapes grow very quickly, you have to constantly pinch it. Variety is one of the best in resistance to diseases.Alexey, 45 years old, Syzran. Initially acquired Sphinx grapes, focusing on the description, reviews and photos online. Bushes vigorous and very fruitful. Last year, the grapes suffered spring frosts. The clusters have grown 40-50 cm long. The berries are fleshy, of medium and large size, about 10 g. The taste is good, sweet, absolutely sour. Although the berries have a strong peel, it is not felt when consumed fresh.
Sphinx grapes - proven table grade amateur breeding. Its peculiarity is its earlier ripening, good taste, resistance to diseases. Caring for plants is in the dressings and treatments from pests. Increased attention is paid to the grapes in autumn. Plants are pruned, fed and begin to prepare for winter.