Many gardeners today grow strawberries on their plots. When choosing a variety, the possibility of growing the plant in specific regions is taken into account. Strawberry Syria is currently very popular with Russian gardeners.
Originators varieties are Italian breeders from the company New Fruit, located near the city of Cesena. Strawberries are recommended for cultivation in the continental climate, which is quite suitable for many regions of Russia. The variety of garden strawberries Syria bears good fruits during the hot summer, with a small amount of precipitation. Excellent winters at low temperatures.
Strawberry varieties Syria can be grown not only in the suburban areas, but also on an industrial scale. Depending on the growing region, the harvest begins in June. The ripening time of the berries is average, but in any case, the first fruits can be removed a little later than on Alba or Honey.
Strawberry variety Syria high-yielding. With proper farming, you can collect about a kilogram of fruit from a plant. Already in the first year, about 200 are collected from one bush, and from 700 square meters to 700 grams. Fruiting strawberry varieties continues for three years after planting.
According to the description, reviews of gardeners, as well as photos, strawberry varieties of Syria is characterized by large and tall spreading bushes. This feature must be considered when landing.
The leaves are large, dark green with a weak wrinkle. Thanks to this feature, the berries “hide” from the birds, which saves most of the harvest. Although harvesting with abundant foliage is not so easy.
Strawberries emit powerful flower stalks with a large number of white flowers of medium size. On them the rich harvest of ripening berries is easily kept. Variety Syria gives a moderate number of whiskers, but they are quite enough for reproduction.Attention! New strawberry planting should be done in 2-3 years, as recommended by Italian breeders.
Fruits of the medium-sized Syria variety have the classic shape of a slightly elongated cone. They are moderately dense, which contributes to excellent transportation. Here they are, delicious strawberries in the photo.
A lot of berries up to 40 grams. Moreover, the first fruits of the Syria variety are larger, then shallow a little. The last strawberries weigh about 25 grams. In the biological ripeness of berries rich red, closer to the color of ripe cherries. On the cut, the fruit is pale pink, without white inclusions and voids. On the surface of the strawberry there are a lot of yellow seeds slightly pressed into the berry.
In the taste of Syria berries, sweetness and acid are perfectly combined. Tasters appreciate fruits.
What is the value of a variety?
The variety of garden strawberries Syria, created by Italian breeders, according to the description and reviews, as well as photos sent by gardeners, has clear advantages in comparison with some other cultures:
- The strawberry yield increases in the second and third year, and the berries do not become less and do not lose varietal qualities.
- The taste properties of strawberry Syria are excellent, they do not disappear during storage.
- The fruits are quite large, have a universal purpose. In addition to fresh consumption, the berries are suitable for various preparations and frosts.
- The rate of adaptation to new conditions is high, which makes it possible to grow strawberries of the Syria variety practically throughout the whole territory of Russia.
- Plants winter well even at low temperatures, they are not afraid of heat and short-term droughts.
- Transportability varieties Syria, according to gardeners, thoroughly engaged in the culture, is excellent. That is welcomed by farmers who grow strawberries for sale. Fruits do not lose their presentation, do not flow even when transported over long distances due to the dense structure.
- Resistance to many strawberry diseases is not bad.
There are, of course, Syria’s strawberry variety, but they are minimal. As originators note, plants are affected by a transparent spider mite, especially when grown in greenhouse conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out timely processing.
Cultivation and care
Strawberry Syria, which is described in the article, is propagated by seed, dividing a bush or rosettes. All methods are effective. Buy seeds or seedlings of this variety can be in stores or ordered by mail in the company Becker, Gardens of Siberia, Russian garden and other seed companies.
Strawberries Syria need to create a comfortable environment, then you can count on a high yield. Garden strawberries should be planted in well-lit places. Shadowing can cause small-fruit crops, an increase in acid in the fruit, and damage to planting diseases.
Strawberries do not like heavy soils and close groundwater in general. If the site is located on a valley, you will have to make high beds and lay drainage. Convenient location of seats from south to north.
The soil before planting strawberries Syria is well seasoned with mineral or organic fertilizers so that the main nutrients are enough for three years of cultivation.
Another point that is worth paying special attention to: what crops can be the predecessors of the strawberry variety of Syria. It is best to plant seedlings after sideratov:
- rape and mustard;
- lupine and wiki;
- buckwheat and phacelia;
- marigolds, oats and calendula.
Strawberry variety Syria feels good after such crops:
- greens and legumes;
- onions and garlic;
- carrots, radishes and radishes.
Garden strawberries are not only sensitive to their predecessors. This plant gets along perfectly with many cultivated plants that help the strawberries to get rid of diseases and pests without the use of pesticides. Fans of environmentally friendly products are planted in the beds between the bushes of the Syria variety:
- parsley, onion and garlic;
- legumes: peas, beans, soybeans;
- low marigolds.
Strawberries with neighbors:
Agricultural engineering rules
Since strawberries in Syria are often grown for commercial purposes, the plant requires quality care throughout the growing season.
- Watering the bushes is necessarily warm not less than 15 degrees with water only in the evening. Moreover, the volumes will depend not only on the condition of the soil, but also on the stage of development of strawberries. The most productive for the Syria variety is drip irrigation, due to which metered soil irrigation occurs. In addition, liquid fertilizers are applied through the system.
- When using mulching, before digging up the beds, ammonium sulfate (15 grams) and superphosphate (40 grams) are added to each square. In the future, mineral fertilizers for strawberry varieties Syria will not be required.
- On the plantation of strawberries can not be allowed to grow grass, because it is on the weeds often settle spores of diseases and pests. The top layer of soil is loosened after irrigation in order to provide the plant’s root system with oxygen access.
It is known that it is difficult to treat diseases, it is best to take preventive measures. Early in the spring, while the strawberries of the Syria variety have not yet come out of dormancy, they remove the leaves and clean the beds.
It is advisable to remove the top layer of earth in which overwintering pests may be located and treat the plantings and the ground with special preparations. Experts advise to use Fitosporin, Tiovit Jet, Guspin, 4% solution of Bordeaux mixture or 2-3% solution of copper sulphate.
The second serious preventive measure is taken in the autumn after harvesting strawberries. The beds are treated with any composition that disinfects the soil and destroys the spores of diseases and larvae of pests.Important! At the time of berry filling and ripening, no chemical preparations are used to treat strawberries in Syria.
Well acts as a preventive, such a tool:
In a ten-liter bucket of water add 3 tablespoons of used vegetable oil, 2 tablespoons of liquid detergent, table vinegar and ash. Let the solution stand for 10 minutes, filter and spray the plantation with strawberries.
Strawberry Syria is resistant to many diseases, but with pests will have to fight. Plants can be affected by nematodes, ticks, leaf beetles, slugs, ants and other pests.
For the destruction of pests using special preparations, following the recommendations on the package. Combined planting strawberries can also help in solving the problem. For example, herbs and plants with a pungent smell can scare away many pests.
There are folk ways: a solution of wood ash with soap. Red ground pepper helps from ants and slugs and sprinkles the soil around strawberry bushes. If the invasion of insects is massive, will have to resort to pesticides.
On how to get rid of the pest, gardener's tips on video:
Seraphim, 56 years old, Kurgan. Syria liked the garden strawberry the first time. I like in strawberry not only the taste and universality of berries, but also unpretentiousness in cultivation. I process plantings in spring with ammonia, sprinkle with wood ash. For 4 years the plants have never been sick. Two years later, I planted a new bed in the fall with my planting material. Nikolai, 54 years old, the city of ChitaTak, it already happened that I was the one who was engaged in the dacha. Immediately decided to plant strawberries. A neighbor in the cottage shared garden strawberry varieties Syria. Amazing plant, almost no problems, but the harvest is excellent. Grandchildren, arriving at the cottage, immediately run to the garden with a strawberry Syria. In the autumn, he expanded the plantation with rosettes grown over the summer. Let's see how wintered. By the way, I sheltered the landing for the winter, as we have considerable frosts.
As you can see, reviews from gardeners who are familiar with the variety are mostly positive. To see this, watch the video. These are not just emotions, but reality: