Malina Zhuravlik is a little-known remontant variety bred by Russian breeders. It is characterized by high yield, long-term fruiting and good taste of berries. High immunity to diseases and moderate winter hardiness make it possible to grow the Zhuravlik variety throughout Russia. Below is a description of the raspberry variety Zhuravlik, photos and reviews.
The variety Zhuravlik was included in the state register in 2001 and is recommended for cultivation in the Volga region and in the North Caucasus. When planting in other regions take into account the winter hardiness of the variety and the need for additional shelter.
Description of the variety and photos of raspberry Zhuravlik:
- earlier ripening;
- remontant variety;
- powerful bush;
- erect or slightly sprawling shoots;
- height is 1,7-2 m;
- annual shoots purple hue, there is a small wax coating;
- biennial branches light brown;
- the presence of thorns at the base of the shoots;
- large green leaves.
Description of Zhuravlik variety berries:
- Red color;
- weak pubescence;
- dull-conical form;
- tender flesh;
- weight 2 g;
- sweet and sour taste;
- evaluation of taste - 4.7 points.
From one bush of raspberry variety Zhuravlik remove up to 2 kg of berries. Fruiting stretched, ends with the onset of frost.
Berries have a wide range of uses. They are frozen, consumed fresh, used to prepare vitamin shakes, desserts, jams, compotes, jams.
Repair raspberry brings high yield when choosing a suitable place for planting. Plants provide natural light, the soil is fertilized with minerals or organic matter. Saplings of Zhuravlik variety are purchased in nurseries or received from the original bush.
The repair raspberry Zhuravlik is actively developing in the lighted areas. In the shade, yield and taste of berries are lost. Therefore, raspberries are planted away from buildings, fruit trees and shrubs.
Raspberry beds are arranged on an elevation or a small slope. In the lowlands, with increased humidity and slow warming of the air, it is better not to plant the culture.Important! Raspberry Zhuravlik prefers light fertile loam, rich in nutrients.
The soil for raspberry is prepared in advance. River sand is introduced into heavy clay soil. So that sandstones better retain moisture, they are fertilized with humus and peat. Acid soils lime.
Before growing raspberries, it is recommended to plant green manure at the site: lupine, mustard, legumes. When flowering begins, the plants are dug up and buried in the soil to a depth of 30 cm.
For planting use healthy raspberry seedlings Crane. The optimum plant height is 25 cm, the diameter of the shoots is from 5 mm. Seedlings should not have growths on the roots, dark spots or signs of damage.
In the presence of a full-fledged bush raspberry Crane, planting material is obtained in the following ways:
- Root scions. Repair raspberry forms little root shoots, which can be used for breeding varieties. Most of the shoots are formed in the bush variety Zhuravlik older than 4 years. In the spring the plants are dug up and transplanted to a separate bed. When the raspberry root, it is moved to a permanent place.
- Cuttings. In the autumn, you need to dig up a small raspberry root Zhuravlik and divide it into cuttings 10 cm long. The resulting material is planted in a flower bed and watered abundantly. In spring there will be shoots, which are regularly looked after. At the end of the season, raspberries are transplanted to the garden bed.
- The division of the bush. When transplanting raspberry Crane, new plants can be obtained by dividing the bush. Rhizome dig and divide with a knife into parts. Sections are covered with wood ash.
Planting is left in the fall, when the leaf fall is completed. It is allowed to land the cranberry raspberry spring, then it is necessary to wait for the snow melt and stable warm weather.
Sequence of planting:
- First, dig a hole 50 cm in diameter and 60 cm deep. When planting several plants, it is better to dig a trench. Between the bushes leave 1-1.5 m.
- In the fertile soil add 2 buckets of compost and 250 g of complex fertilizer, which contains phosphorus and potassium.
- The pit is covered with earth and left for 3-4 weeks.
- When the soil settles, start planting raspberries. The day before the work, the roots of the plant are dipped into the root-stimulator solution.
- The plant is planted on the garden. The roots of the seedling are covered with earth, which is carefully tamped.
- Bushes watered with warm water.
Raspberry Zhuravlik well take root after landing. Plants are watered weekly, and the soil is mulched with humus.
Repair raspberry needs special care, which ensures its long-term fruiting. Bushes are watered, fed with minerals and organic. Autumn shoots pruned to get a good harvest for the next year.
The intensity of irrigation of the repair raspberry Zhuravlik depends on weather conditions. On average, raspberries are watered every week. In dry weather, moisture is introduced twice during the week. The soil should always remain slightly hydrated.
Especially important is watering at certain stages of raspberry development:
- before flowering;
- in the formation of ovaries;
- during the formation of berries.
For irrigation use warm water, which is warmed and settled in barrels. Exposure to cold water is a real stress for plants. It is important to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil.
After watering, loosen the soil to improve its breathability. To reduce the number of irrigations, pour a layer of humus or straw 5 cm thick.
Regular feeding has a positive effect on the fruiting of the raspberry Cranek. For processing use both natural means, and mineral fertilizers.
Scheme feeding raspberry Cranes:
- in early spring when bud break;
- 2 weeks before the formation of inflorescences;
- during flowering;
- at the beginning of fruiting;
- autumn after harvest.
For spring dressing use nitrogen fertilizers. From organic matter for raspberry suitable solution mullein, diluted with water 1:15. On 1 square. m raspberries required 2 buckets of the solution.
An alternative form of feeding is ammonium nitrate. 30 g of fertilizer is dissolved in water before watering raspberries. The substance can be embedded in the ground by digging the site in the spring.
In the future, switch to fertilizing raspberries with potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen fertilizers have a positive effect on the development of shoots and leaves, which reduces the yield of bushes.
For feeding, use 40 g of superphosphate (to stimulate the root system) and 25 g of potassium sulfate (to improve the taste of berries). Substances dissolved in water, then watered bushes.
In the autumn, wood ash helps to replenish the supply of nutrients in the soil. Fertilizer is embedded in the soil after harvest.
For remontant raspberries practiced pruning shoots at the root. Shrubs are pruned in the fall to stimulate the development of new shoots next spring. The procedure reduces the risk of developing diseases and the spread of pests. Fungal spores and insect larvae often winter on raspberry shoots.Important! Pruning simplifies the shelter of raspberries for the winter. Plants spud and fall asleep dry leaves. In cold regions, additional raspberries are covered with agrofibre.
If you refuse pruning, then the harvest of raspberry Crane can be collected from one- and two-year shoots. Old branches cut out at the root. Frozen, dry and broken shoots are subject to elimination.
Protection against diseases and pests
For raspberry Crane is characterized by resistance to major diseases of the culture. With the observance of agricultural plants rarely get sick.
To protect against diseases, raspberry Zhuravravik is sprayed with Topaz, Fundazol or Oxy solution preparations. Processing is performed in the spring before the growing season and in late autumn.
The risk of spreading fungal diseases increases with excessive humidity, so weedings are regularly held in raspberry trees, and the bushes are tied to supports.Important! The most dangerous for raspberries are viral diseases. They are not treatable, diseased plants are removed from the site.
Protect raspberry from viral diseases will help the use of quality material. Garden tools need to be disinfected before and after use.
Raspberries are attacked by beetles, spider mites, aphids and caterpillars. From insects, raspberries are treated to the beginning of flowering with solutions of Karbofos or Aktellik preparations. During the growing season it is better to spray planting infusion of dandelions or wood ash. To repel pests are also used infusion of garlic or onion peel.
Gardeners reviewsSvetlana, 38 years old, Moscow region According to the description of the variety, reviews and photos, Zhuravlik acquired raspberries, planted her on a plot along the fence. Shrubs are quite compact, shoots reach a height of 2 m. Variety with signs of repair. The crop ripens on annual shoots before frosts.
Egor, 49 years old, St. Petersburg. I was looking for a fruitful and unpretentious raspberry variety to collect raspberries until late autumn. According to the description of the variety and photos attracted the attention of raspberry Crane. Although the variety is not the most famous, it deserves attention. Bushes are powerful and tall. Berries are sweet-sour and fragrant. Yield is decent.Olga, 29, ChelyabinskIn our region, raspberry remontant varieties are a real find. Harvest can be collected before the cold. According to the description of the raspberry variety Zhuravlik is distinguished by unpretentiousness and extended fruiting. In the local nursery purchased a couple of seedlings for growing in the country. Plants have taken root well and have already brought the first harvest. The berry is tasty and aromatic, suitable for home-made preparations and freezing for the winter.
Malina Zhuravlik is a decent variety that can provide a gardener with berries before the cold snap in the autumn. Caring for plants is reduced to watering and fertilizing. Regular pruning stimulates fruiting. Special tools help to protect the planting from diseases and pests.