Late grape varieties ripen in autumn when the ripening season of berries and fruits comes to an end. They are characterized by a long growing season (from 150 days) and a large amount of active temperatures (more than 2800 ° C). Harvesting begins in late September.
Grapes ripening late, has its advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage is the ability to use berries for home-made products. The disadvantage is the susceptibility of plants to frost and diseases.
Late ripening varieties are not recommended for planting in the northern regions. In cold climates, berries often do not have time to ripen.
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Technical late grapes contain a lot of juice in the pulp. Such plants are unpretentious to growing conditions. For high yield bushes provide care.
Late grapes Isabella has technical and table use. It is distinguished by large three-lobed leaves and clusters weighing 140 g of cylindrical shape. Fruits are oval or round black in color, on a strong skin abundant wax coating. Pulp with rich strawberry flavor.
Isabella maturation takes from 150 to 180 days from the beginning of the growing season. Bushes are powerful and vigorous. Late grape Isabella is resistant to phylloxera and fungal diseases.
When growing Isabella it is important to timely prune shoots. With high thickening, fruits ripen unevenly and lose taste. Berries are used fresh or for cooking wine.
Photo of the late Isabella variety:
White Muscat grapes are an ancient variety of late fruiting of which sweet dessert wines are made. The characteristic features of the plant are leaves with pointed tips, dense lobed clusters, and berries with a waxy coating.
The average weight of a bunch is 110 g, for the largest ones - 450 g. The berry is a roundish yellowish shade. The flesh is tender, the nutmeg flavor is felt. The berry contains about 2-3 seeds.Important! Late Muscat white is prone to anthracnose, mildew and oidium. When grown on heavy clay soils, signs of gray mold appear.
White Muscat has a low winter hardiness; in spring, inflorescences suffer from frost. Crop is removed after 140 days from the beginning of the growing season.
Merlot grapes - French late variety, ripening for 152-164 days. The leaves are round, medium-sized. Clusters of cylindrical shape, weighing about 120 g.
Berries are black, round shape. The skin is strong, covered with a waxy coating, the pulp is juicy with white juice. Merlot wines have a full and harmonious taste.
Merlot brings a late stable crop. Shrubs are resistant to mildew, rotting and low temperatures. Occasionally there is a pea of berries.
Lidia Late grape has both technical and table purpose. The variety is imported from North America. Lydia has large, rounded leaves. Clusters are conical, small in size, friable.
The berries are round, rich red color, have a wax bloom lilac. Fruit ripening takes 158 days. Aging shoots at a high level in both warm and northern regions. Up to 40 kg of berries are removed from the bush.
In warm climates, Lydia winters without shelter. The variety responds positively to top dressing. Pruning and staving help to avoid bush thickening.
Saperavi northern grapes ripen in mid-late periods. The period from kidney swelling to harvest is 141 days. It is used to make table wine and blended juice. For wine Saperavi characterized by high astringency and grassy notes.
Clusters have the form of a cone, small in size, rather loose. Fruits are small, oval, saturated blue color. The pulp contains a lot of juice, the skin is dense with a thick coating, the taste is harmonious and simple. The juice is bright pink in color, very thick.
Saperavi is highly resistant to winter frosts, but does not tolerate drought. Crop normalized by pruning shoots.
Late French grape for wine. The clusters are small, the berries are 15 mm in size, dark blue in color and rounded. The skin is durable, covered with a thin layer of wax. The flesh is very juicy, the juice is transparent.
To prepare the wine grapes are removed after 150-165 days after the start of the growing season. Cabernet Sauvignon is a late and winter-hardy variety, but prone to shedding ovaries. In drought, the fruits become smaller. The accumulation of sugar occurs even with increased load of the bush.
The grapes of Cabernet Sauvignon have good resistance to fungal infections. The variety successfully withstands phylloxera and leaf maker.
The best dining varieties
Table late grapes are intended for fresh consumption. Bunches and berries have excellent commodity and taste, well tolerated transportation. Table varieties have thin skin, fleshy pulp and a small amount of seeds.
Moldova is a table variety of mid-ripening. Moldova grapes are characterized by large leaves and clusters of conical shape. The mass of bunches ranges from 400 g to 1 kg. The flesh is crispy and fleshy. Fruits are oval, saturated purple color, covered with a thin layer of wax.
Moldova has a great power of growth. When plantings are thickened, the presentation and the taste of berries are lost. For a grade practice long pruning. From adult bushes remove up to 150 kg of berries.
Culture prefers nutritious moist soil. Winter hardiness is average. To protect against diseases requires 1-2 treatments per season. Moldova is appreciated for good transportability.
Photos of late Moldova grapes:
Asma - the Crimean late grade giving a harvest in 160 days. Crop from the vine is removed in the middle or end of October.
The plant is characterized by large, rounded leaves with sharp tips. The clusters are large, in the shape of a cone or cylinder, of average density. The mass of the cluster is about 350 g. The fruits are large, violet-colored and oval-shaped, on the skin is a small wax coating.
Late variety Asma grows well in rubble soil, well heated by the sun. For shoots apply short pruning. Bushes are suitable for decorating arbors. Shrubs have low winter hardiness.
Anyuta grapes is a hybrid form, which was brought by amateur breeder V.N. Krainov. Maturation occurs in the middle deadlines. In the conditions of the Rostov region, the crop is harvested at the end of September.
Bushes grow quickly after planting. Clusters in the form of a cone, weighing from 700 g to 1.2 kg. The density of the clusters is medium, the quality of the goods is high.
Fruits are large, oval, weighing 12 g, dark pink color. The pulp is high in juice, the skin is dense. Light muscatel notes are felt on the palate. The productivity of the late variety Anyuta is high, for this the number of ovaries on the shoots is rationed. Bushes necessarily cover for the winter.
Grapes bring a stable high yield. Clusters of medium and large size, loose, conical shape, up to 20 cm long and about 12 cm wide.
The berries are large, oblong, up to 29 cm long and 12 cm wide. The color is black, on the skin is a thick wax coating. The taste is different Muscat-thorns. The fruit contains 3-4 seeds.
This is a late-ripening grape variety, and the crop is harvested 142 days after the buds swell. Harvesting done in late September. Bushes vigorous and powerful.
Odessa souvenir has good resistance to gray rot and mildew, but requires protection from oidium. Frost resistance is low, so the vine is covered in the fall for the winter.
December variety - table black grapes ripening at a later date for 165 days. Grapes are resistant to fungal diseases that develop at high humidity. Shrubs are not subject to phylloxera and leafworm. Winter hardiness increased, plants tolerate lowering the temperature to -27 ° C.
Clusters of medium density, weighing 220 g. Fruits weighing 3 g. The leaves are oval, three-lobed, of medium size. The taste is harmonious and simple. Ripening vines at a high level.
Fruits are distinguished by high commodity qualities, however, during long shipments they are showered from the brush. Harvest long stored in the refrigerator. Late variety December is suitable for industrial cultivation.
In memory of Negrul
In memory of Negrul - a grape variety of late ripening, obtained in Moldova. Bushes are immune to fungal diseases. The variety rarely suffers from phylloxera and other pests.
The grapes of the Memory of Negrul are distinguished by good frost resistance. Vine harbor in a snowless winter. Shoots need long pruning.
Bushes quickly increase the green mass. The flowers are bisexual, pollinator is not required for the formation of ovaries. Productivity is high and stable. With prolonged rains, cracking of berries is observed.
The average mass of the cluster is 350 g, the size is 12x20 cm. The clusters are friable and loose. The berries are black, weighing 5-7 g, the taste of the flesh is simple. In memory of Negrul has a presentation, is stored for a long time in the refrigerator.
When choosing a late grape variety, the peculiarities of the region are taken into account. Such varieties are suitable for growing in warm climates. In cold regions, the berries do not always have time to ripen. Late grapes are represented by table and technical varieties.
Some can be consumed without processing or sent to the preparation of wine beverages. Later varieties are used for planting in gardens, as well as for industrial cultivation. Most of them are resistant to disease, cooling and pests.