Gardeners and gardeners gladly grow raspberries on their plots. She deservedly became the favorite of many. To date, there are a huge number of varieties of this delicious berries. Among them you can find early-ripening and late varieties, large-fruited and traditional. All of them have their advantages, but practically do not differ in appearance. In this article we will learn about the variety, which is distinguished from others due to its color. Golden Autumn raspberry has received a lot of positive feedback from gardeners who have already grown it on their plots. Therefore, it is worthwhile to consider the description of the Golden Autumn raspberry variety.
Characteristic raspberry variety
This variety belongs to the remontant large-fruited raspberry. The berry has a yellow color with a golden hue. Raspberries are quite large and each fruit can weigh up to 5 grams. Some berries from the first crops have a weight of about 7 grams. The shape of the fruit is conical, the drupes are tightly interconnected. It is noteworthy that the berries are very dense. This greatly facilitates transportation.
This raspberry belongs to the dessert. It has a light raspberry flavor, quite juicy and sweet. The yield of raspberries is consistently high until the frosts themselves. Berries are eaten fresh and after heat treatment. They make excellent jam and compotes. In conditions of the middle band, the berries begin to ripen towards the end of August. Below you can see a photo of the raspberry "Golden Autumn".Attention! The Golden Autumn raspberry variety has high winter hardiness.
Since raspberry variety tolerates frost well, it can be grown without fear in the northern regions of the country. But planting bushes should only be on the south side. To do this, select areas covered from the north buildings. The choice of soil for growing Golden Autumn raspberries is also of no small importance. The soil should be loose and fertile. Plots with high acidity of the soil is not suitable for this purpose. In addition, raspberry loves good lighting. Therefore, near the raspberry bushes should not be tall trees and other shrubs.
The variety does not require complex care. It is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, watering, feeding and cutting. Below will be described the detailed instructions for the care of this variety. Raspberry responds well to the application of mineral fertilizers. In the first months of summer, when the green mass is actively developing, fertilizers containing nitrogen should be used. Then make the whole complexes of minerals with potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.Attention! The bush can grow up to 1.5 m in height.
Preparing for landing
Yellow raspberries “Golden Autumn” are planted mainly in September and until mid-October. This is the ideal time that will allow the seedling to settle down and strengthen the root system. As a result, you can get a wonderful harvest of ripe berries.
It is very important to choose a quality planting material. In this case, special attention is paid to the appearance of the shoots and roots. Shoots on the bush should be straight, without any damage and flaws. Roots can not be dry and lifeless. On sale you can find instances with a closed and open root system.
Next, you need to determine the place for planting bushes. As mentioned above in the description of the “Golden Autumn” variety raspberry, such a plot should be in a well-lit place, without drafts and northern winds. Groundwater can occur at a depth of about 1 meter from the surface of the earth. Golden Autumn raspberry grows well in areas where peas, mustard and tulips were previously grown. But after potatoes, tomatoes and peppers, the yield of berries can be reduced.
To prepare the beds, it is necessary to dig up the earth, in parallel making it organic fertilizers with the addition of mineral complexes. For this, humus and any mineral supplements for raspberries are suitable. They take about a bucket of organic matter and 0.3 kg of mineral fertilizers per square meter of land. If the soil is sour, it must necessarily be lime.Important! For high yields, it is imperative to feed. Raspberry bears fruit only in fertile and light ground.
You can plant raspberries in different ways. To do this, dig long trenches or separate pits. Between the rows of bushes should be at least 1.2 m, and between the raspberry itself about 0.7 m. The depth of the pit is determined individually under the height of the bush. The main thing is that the root neck is on the ground surface.
Shrubs with a closed root system must be plentifully watered with water so that it is soaked, and the seedling can be removed. Then the bush is lowered into the prepared pit, covered with earth, slightly tamped and well watered. After that, it is necessary to carry out soil mulching with peat.
Saplings with an open root system are planted in the same way, just before that the bush needs to be dipped into a solution of water and growth stimulants for a couple of days. Reviews gardeners confirm that the raspberry "Golden Autumn" perfectly fruited only with proper care and planting.
Proper care of raspberries
Based on the above, it becomes clear that remontant raspberry “Golden Autumn” loves light, moderately moist, fertile soil. Accordingly, the care for it involves the creation of such conditions. The important role played by loosening the soil. As you know, this procedure gives the roots access to oxygen.
The first loosening is carried out before the buds begin to swell. As a result, the plant will be saturated with oxygen and will grow. In parallel with loosening, weeds should be removed from the site. The soil is plowed to a depth of no more than 8 centimeters. Further, the soil is loosened on demand, taking into account the condition of the topsoil.
Tip! If a crust has formed on the surface, then it is time to loosen.
The next important step is watering raspberries. For convenience, gardeners often use a hose. Water for irrigation should not be cold. It is desirable that watering was abundant. The soil should get wet to a depth of about 30 centimeters. It is not necessary to irrigate the soil very often, once every 7 days is enough. If the summer is very hot and dry, it can be done more often.
Next, let's talk about feeding bushes. If the seedlings were planted according to the scheme described above, then the next 2 years it is not necessary to feed raspberries. Used fertilizer is enough for this time. Fertilizers begin to carry out in the third year of growth of bushes.
The following fertilizers are used as feeds:
- In the springtime, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers to activate the growth of raspberry seedlings. For example, Nitroammofosk will be suitable for this. The best time for feeding - early spring (as soon as the snow melts).
- Two or three times per season should be watered raspberry bushes with a solution of mullein. To do this, mix a liter of fertilizer and 10 liters of pure water.
- In autumn, raspberries are fed with fertilizers, which include phosphorus and potassium. They are prepared in accordance with the instructions.
Repair raspberry fruits from young shoots. Therefore, it is cut at the root. This is a very important and crucial stage in the care of plants. Pruning of bushes is carried out, as a rule, in the fall after harvest or in spring, when the snow melts.
Best of all, prune shoots in the fall. In the spring, when young branches appear, it will be possible to re-trim. In this case, cut off the weakest or damaged shoots. If you want to get a good harvest of raspberries as early as next year, be sure to cut the bushes in the fall and by the spring of raspberries will start new shoots.
It is not necessary to construct a shelter for this variety. Description of the raspberry "Golden Autumn" shows that the bushes are quite winter-hardy. But in some northern regions of the winter are so severe that you have to cover the raspberry bushes so that they do not freeze. Most often, gardeners in such areas immediately build raspberries.
If it is not possible to build a room for growing raspberries, it is necessary to cover the bushes yourself. This is done as follows:
- If the bushes are not cut for the winter, they should be bent to the ground and secured with metal rods.
- Then raspberries are covered with a special non-woven material.
- The roots are additionally covered with sawdust, leaves or hay.
In this article, a description of the variety “Golden Autumn” raspberry was considered, as well as its photos and reviews of gardeners. As you can see, this is a great variety with delicious berries and an unusual appearance. In addition, it has high yields and tolerates frost well. Care of the bushes will not be difficult, and even inexperienced gardeners can cope with the cultivation of such berries. We hope that the description of the “Golden Autumn” raspberry helped you to make a choice, and you will definitely plant it in your area.
ReviewsMaria Pavlovna, 43, Voronezh Found on the Internet a photo and description of the Golden Autumn raspberry variety and really wanted to plant it at home. I bought seedlings, planted them in the fall and waited for the raspberries to grow. Unfortunately, the winter that year was very cold, so she was worried whether the young bushes could survive. Surprisingly, no sapling was hurt. Raspberries grew tall and sprawling. The berries are very sweet and juicy. I liked the jam from it, it looks very unusual in jars.
Sergey Pavlovich, 52 years old, Samara. I heard a lot of positive reviews about the Golden Autumn variety of raspberries. Once he decided to grow bushes on his own plot. For 4 years I have been collecting a wonderful harvest of delicious berries. I have never regretted that I planted this raspberry. Every year I expand the garden, planting young saplings.