Tanya F1 is a variety bred by Dutch breeders. These tomatoes are grown mainly in open ground, but in cold regions they are additionally covered with foil or planted in a greenhouse.
The variety is characterized by medium early ripening, due to its compact size, planting maintenance is simplified. Before planting, make the preparation of seeds and soil.
The description and characteristics of the Tanya tomato variety are as follows:
- determinant type of bush;
- plant height up to 60 cm;
- not a sprawling bush;
- large leaves of rich green color;
- mid-season variety;
- 110 days pass from germination to fruit picking.
Fruits of a grade of Tanya have a number of features:
- average weight 150-170 g;
- round form;
- bright red color;
- high density;
- 4-5 tomatoes are formed on one brush;
- the first brush is formed over the 6th sheet;
- subsequent inflorescences are formed in 1-2 leaves;
- high content of solids and sugar.
Despite the compact size, from one bush varieties Tanya receive from 4.5 to 5.3 kg of fruit. Harvested tomatoes can be stored fresh and transported over long distances.
According to the description and characteristics of the variety, Tanya's tomatoes are suitable for home canning. They are pickled and salted as a whole or cut into pieces. After heat treatment, tomatoes retain their shape. Fresh fruits of Tanya variety are added to salads, processed into pasta and juice.
Tomato Tanya is grown by obtaining seedlings. Young plants are transferred to a greenhouse, greenhouse or open ground. For maximum yield, it is recommended to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse. Planting tomatoes in the open air is possible only in favorable climatic conditions.
Under the seedlings prepare the soil, consisting in equal quantities of sod land and humus. The use of purchased land intended specifically for tomatoes and other vegetable crops is allowed.Tip! Good germination shows seeds planted in peat pots or coke substrate.
Two weeks before the work, the soil is subjected to heat treatment. To do this, it is placed in a microwave or oven and calcined for 15 minutes. It is especially important to prepare garden soil in this way.
An effective way to treat Tanya seed seeds is to use a saline solution. 1 g of salt is added to 100 ml of water and the seed is placed in a liquid for 24 hours.
Fill the crates with the prepared soil, then make furrows to a depth of 1 cm. They place seeds in them, keeping a 2-3 cm gap.Important! Until germination, the boxes are kept in the dark.
The germination of seeds of Tanya variety rises at an ambient temperature of 25-30 degrees. In such conditions, germination of seed material begins at 2-3 days.
When sprouts appear, the containers are transferred to a place where there is access to light for 12 hours. If necessary, fitolampy installed. Watering planting is necessary when drying the soil. It is best to use warm water for irrigation.
Transplant to greenhouse
Tomatoes varieties Tanya transferred to the greenhouse in 1.5-2 months after planting. By this time, the seedlings have a height of 20 cm, several leaves and a developed root system.Tip! 2 weeks before disembarking, tomatoes are hardened on a balcony or loggia. At first they are left outside for several hours, gradually increasing this time.
Tomatoes are planted in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate or glass. The soil under the tomatoes dig in the fall. It is recommended to remove the top layer of soil in order to avoid the spread of diseases and pests in the spring.
You can fertilize the soil with humus or compost, superphosphate and potassium sulphide. Mineral fertilizers are applied in the amount of 20 g per square meter.
A 20-cm deep hole is prepared for planting. Tomatoes of Tanya variety are arranged in rows at a distance of 0.7 m. 0.5 m between the plants is left.
Another option is planting tomatoes in a staggered manner. Then form two rows at a distance of 0.5 m from each other.Important! Seedlings carefully transferred to the created hole, along with a clod of earth.
The root system is covered with soil and slightly compacted. Be sure to produce abundant watering.
Planting in open ground
Growing tomatoes in the open air is not always justified, especially in cold summer conditions and frequent rains. In the southern regions of the tomatoes can be planted in open ground. The place should be sunlit and protected from the wind.
Tomato Tanya is transferred to the beds when the earth and the air are well warmed, and the danger of spring frosts has passed. Dig the soil and make humus should be in the fall. In the spring, it is enough to perform deep loosening.Tip! Tomatoes varieties Tanya planted with a gap of 40 cm.
For planting do shallow holes, which should fit the root system of plants. Then it is covered with earth and slightly compacted. The final stage of transplantation is watering tomatoes.
Variety Tanya quite unpretentious in the care. For normal development, they need watering and periodic feeding. To increase the stability of the bush, it is tied to a support. Variety Tanya does not need to be staved. Plants do not take up much space on the site, which greatly simplifies the care of them.
As the reviews show, tomato Tanya F1 rarely gets sick. With the observance of agrotechnics, the variety does not plunge into diseases and attack by pests. For prophylaxis, spray plantings with a solution of Fitosporin.
Variety Tanya gives a good harvest with moderate watering. Lack of moisture leads to curling of the leaves and falling off of the ovaries. Its excess also negatively affects plants: growth slows down and fungal diseases develop.
For one bush requires 3-5 liters of water. On average, tomatoes are watered once or twice a week. After planting, the next watering is done after 10 days. In the future, focus on weather conditions and the condition of the soil in the greenhouse or in an open garden bed. The soil must remain 90% moist.Tip! For irrigation use warm, settled water.
Work carried out in the morning or evening, when there is no direct exposure to the sun. Water should not fall on the stems or tops of tomatoes, it is made strictly at the root.
After watering is recommended to loosen the soil. As a result, the air permeability of the soil is improved, and the plants better absorb nutrients. Mulching of the soil with straw, compost or peat will help prevent evaporation of moisture.
During the season, Tanya's variety is fed several times. After disembarking before the first feeding should be 2 weeks. During this time, the plant adapts to new conditions.
Tomatoes are fed every week. It is best to use fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium. Phosphorus stimulates the development of plants, accelerates their metabolism and increases immunity. It is introduced in the form of superphosphate, which is buried in the ground. Up to 30 g of substance is taken per square meter.
Potassium improves the taste of fruits. For tomatoes, choose potassium sulfate. 40 g of the fertilizer is dissolved in 10 l of water, after which it is applied under the root.Tip! During the flowering period, tomato Tanya F1 is sprayed with a solution of boric acid (5 g per 5 l of water), which stimulates the formation of ovaries.
From folk remedies to tomatoes suitable feeding ash. It is made directly under the plant or is prepared using it infusion. A 10-liter bucket of hot water requires 2 liters of ash. During the day, the mixture is infused, then the tomatoes are watered.
Although the tomato Tanya F1 is undersized, it is recommended to tie it to the supports. Due to this, the stem of the plants is formed straight, the fruits do not sink to the ground, and care for plantings is simplified.
Tomatoes are tied to wooden or metal supports. In the open ground, the procedure makes the plants weather resistant.
For extensive plantings, tapestries are installed, between which the wire is stretched at a height of 0.5 cm. Bushes must be tied to a wire.
Valentina, 50 years old, Nizhny Novgorod I grow Tomatoes Tanya exclusively for home-made products. I can preserve the fruit whole or cut it into quarters. These tomatoes can lie for a long time and not deteriorate, while remaining firm. For salads, they are not very suitable, but the blanks with them are excellent. Semen, 65 years old, Perm I grow Tana tomatoes in the open field. Harvested while tomatoes are still green. So you can unload the bush to stimulate fruiting. Tomatoes lie long enough, even if they are completely red. Go well in salads and home canning. Elena, 35 years old, Chelyabinsk. I decided to buy tomatoes Tanya F1 according to reviews on the Internet. The seedling rose together, chose the strongest specimens. Part of it landed in the greenhouse, the rest was grown in open ground. There were a lot of fruits, but they did not have time to ripen. Therefore, they tore them green and left to ripen. In cold summers, it is better not to grow the variety outside, because, in the absence of heat, the tomatoes did not gain sugar content.
Variety Tanya recommended to grow for home canning. Fruits are small in size and have a dense skin that allows them to tolerate multiple treatments. Planted variety in open ground or in the greenhouse.
With good care tomatoes give a big harvest. The variety does not require pinching, it is enough to produce watering and fertilizing with phosphate or potash fertilizers.